OECD AI Principles overview

The OECD’s work on Artificial Intelligence and rationale for
developing the OECD Recommendation on Artificial Intelligence

AI is a general-purpose technology that has the potential to improve
the welfare and well-being of people, to contribute to positive
sustainable global economic activity, to increase innovation and
productivity, and to help respond to key global challenges. It is
deployed in many sectors ranging from production, finance and
transport to healthcare and security.

Alongside benefits, AI also raises challenges for our societies and
economies, notably regarding economic shifts and inequalities,
competition, transitions in the labour market, and implications for
democracy and human rights.

The OECD has undertaken empirical and policy activities on AI in
support of the policy debate over the past two years, starting with a
Technology Foresight Forum on AI in 2016 and an international
conference on AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies in 2017. The
Organisation also conducted analytical and measurement work that
provides an overview of the AI technical landscape, maps economic and
social impacts of AI technologies and their applications, identifies
major policy considerations, and describes AI initiatives from
governments and other stakeholders at national and international

This work has demonstrated the need to shape a stable policy
environment at the international level to foster trust in and adoption
of AI in society. Against this background, the OECD Committee on
Digital Economy Policy (CDEP) agreed to develop a draft Council
Recommendation to promote a human-centric approach to trustworthy AI,
that fosters research, preserves economic incentives to innovate, and
applies to all stakeholders.

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